Parma Eldalamberon ... The Book of Elven Tongues ... is a journal of linguistic studies of fantasy literature, especially of the Elvish languages and nomenclature in the works of J.R.R. Tolkien.

By special arrangement with Christopher Tolkien and with the permission of the Tolkien Estate, previously unpublished material from the manuscripts of J.R.R. Tolkien have been published as special editions of Parma Eldalamberon.



I Lam na Ngoldathon

The Grammar and Lexicon of


by J.R.R.Tolkien

edited by

Christopher Gilson, Carl F. Hostetter,
Patrick Wynne, and Arden R. Smith

Parma Eldalamberon No.11 presents the Gnomish Lexicon (selections from which were published in the Appendices to The Book of Lost Tales ) in its entirety.  This is the dictionary of the language called Goldogrin, or I-Lam na-Ngoldathon, which Tolkien eventually transformed into the Noldorin of The Etymologies and later into the Sindarin of The Lord of the Rings.  This issue also includes Tolkien's own partial grammar of Gnomish, contemporary with the lexicon, which covers the inflections and syntax of the article, noun, and adjective.  The lexicon itself also contains much grammatical information, frequently citing verbs in both their present and past tenses, and nouns in both singular and plural.  Other parts of speech are also well-represented in what is a quite comprehensive dictionary, and there are a number of sample sentences in Gnomish.

The original lexicon fills a 150-page notebook and consists of about 3000 entries.  Compiled in 1917, this remarkable document reveals the well-spring of Tolkien's linguistic genius in its 'Celtic' mode.  It also displays the basic phonological nature of the historical relation between Noldorin and Quenya at its inception, with numerous etymological annotations and the citation of many cognates, some of which are Quenya words that occur nowhere else.

Issue 11 is 
Out of Print

Parma Eldalamberon is sold on a per-issue basis


Issues Currently Available
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Issue 21 | Issue 20 | Issue 19
Issue 16
Issue 7 | Issue 6
Out of Print
Issue 18 | Issue 17
Issue 15 | Issue 14 | Issue 13 | Issue 12
Issue 11 | Issue 10 | Issue 9 | Issue 8
Photocopies of issues 1 through 5 are available from the 
Mythopoeic Society


A retrospective collection of cover art, title pages and other

illustrations by artists Patrick Wynne and Adam Christensen

appear in the Eldalamberon Gallery

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page design, colorization and animations © 2001 - 2002 Adam Victor Christensen