Qenya Noun Structure
Qenya: Declension of Nouns
Quendian: Final Consonants
Eldarin: Noun Structure
by J. R. R.
Book of Elven-tongues' is a journal of
the Elvish Linguistic Fellowship, a special interest group of the Mythopoeic
Society. The current
issue presents previously unpublished writings by J. R. R. Tolkien
concerning the declension of nouns in Qenya and the origins of noun
stucture in Primitive Quendian and Eldarin.
These have been edited
and annotated by Christopher Gilson, Patrick H. Wynne and Arden R.
Smith, under the guidance of Christopher
Tolkien and with the
permission of the
Nouns is a detailed grammatical treatment of the
inflexions of the Qenya noun, dating from circa 1931. It describes the
formation of stems and syntactic suffixes, including Old Qenya,
archaic, and poetic
variants, and it traces the development of the noun from Common
Eldarin. A number of the forms cited, including those in eight
full paradigm tables, are transcribed in the Tengwar as conceived at this
time. The various types of vocalic and consonantal stems are
discussed, and illustrated with full listings of inflected forms for
about 30 nouns, and variations outlined for another 50 or so.
Declensions is a series of paradigm tables apparently intended
to replace those in the Declension
of Nouns. They reflect further changes in Tolkien's
conception of the noun inflexions up to the middle of the 1930s.
In three of these the forms are tanscribed in Tengwar, showing the
conceptual development in the writing system.
Quendian Structure: Final Consonants is a text from 1936
connecting the distribution of word-final consonants in the primitive
language with the etymological origins of the Qenya noun
inflexions. An associated text titled just Nouns
treats the same material starting from Common Eldarin.
for Qenya Declensions is a revision of Nouns, probably dating from the
early 1940s. It was intended to be part of a projected revision
of the Declension of Nouns subsequent
to the changes introduced in the Qenya
Eldarin: Noun Structure is a revision and elaboration of the material in Primitive
Quendian Structure and
Nouns, dating from circa
1951. Tolkien eventually incorporated this as the first part of a
Common Eldarin Morphology, describing
how the inflexional categories of Quenya (and the other Eldarin
tongues) developed in Common Eldarin by extension and combination of
the base-structures, affixes, and other elements inherited from Common
Quendian, as described in the Tengwesta Qenderinwa. The
tendency of certain derived noun-stem types to be associated with
gender is discussed, along with a more general description of the
Eldarin process of contriving personal names.
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retrospective collection of
cover art, title pages and other
Patrick Wynne and Adam Christensen
page design, colorization and animations © 2001 - 2002 Adam Victor