PARMA ELDALAMBERON 19
Outline of Phonetic
by J. R. R. TOLKIEN
Parma Eldalamberon 'The Book of Elven-tongues'
is a journal of the Elvish Linguistic Fellowship a
special interest group of the Mythopoeic Society. The current issue
presents previously unpublished writings by J. R. R.
Tolkien concerning his Elvish languages. These
have been edited and annotated by Christopher Gilson,
under the guidance of Christopher Tolkien and with the
permission of the Tolkien Estate.
The Comparative Tables are
a series of charts laying out the regular
correspondences among the sounds of the various
languages Tolkien had invented by the late 1930s or
conceived of as part of his history of the Elves,
including Valarin, Quenya, Lindarin, Telerin, Noldorin, Ilkorin, Danian and Lemberin, as
well as the Mannish language Taliskan. There are
charts for word-initial and medial consonants and
consonant groups, and for long vowels and diphthongs.
These are accompanied by Tolkienís notes on the
general phonetic characteristics of the historical
development of the languages, and on their phonological
types in terms of the "real" languages on which they
The Outline of Phonetic Development
is a detailed description of the historical changes that
produced of the sounds of Quenya from the sounds of Primitive Eldarin,
including the regular developments in word-initial and
medial positions and the distinctive changes of sounds
in contact. Phonetic variations among the
historical dialects of Quenya are described, as well as
those divergent developments occurring in the closely
related languages of Lindarin, Telerin and Noldorin, and
the influences of these on the dialects of Quenya.
The text appears to be from the late 1930s or 1940s.
The Outline of Phonology is
a revised and expanded version of this text, dating from
the 1950s. It describes the phonology of Quenya as
primarily the speech of the Noldor in Valinor; but it
is similarly arranged, giving variations within the
historical dialects of Quenya and divergent developments
in the related Vanyarin
Back cover illustration by Adam Victor
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