of Phonetic Development
by J. R. R.
Book of Elven-tongues' is a journal of
the Elvish Linguistic Fellowship a special interest group of the Mythopoeic
Society. The current
issue presents previously unpublished writings by J. R. R. Tolkien
These have been edited
and annotated by Christopher Gilson, under the guidance of Christopher
Tolkien and with the
permission of the
Tables are a series of charts laying out the regular
correspondences among the sounds of the various languages Tolkien had
invented by the late 1930s or conceived of as part of his history of
the Elves, including Valarin, Quenya, Lindarin, Telerin, Noldorin, Ilkorin, Danian and Lemberin, as well as the
Mannish language Taliskan.
There are charts for word-initial and medial consonants and consonant
groups, and for long vowels and diphthongs. These are accompanied
by Tolkien’s notes on the general phonetic characteristics of the
historical development of the languages, and on their phonological
types in terms of the "real" languages on which they were modelled.
The Outline of
Phonetic Development is a detailed description of the
historical changes that produced of the sounds of Quenya from the sounds of Primitive Eldarin, including
the regular developments in word-initial and medial positions and
the distinctive changes of sounds in contact. Phonetic variations
among the historical dialects of Quenya are described, as well as those
divergent developments occurring in the closely related languages of Lindarin, Telerin and Noldorin, and the influences of
these on the dialects of Quenya. The text appears to be from the
late 1930s or 1940s.
The Outline of
Phonology is a revised and expanded version of this
text, dating from the 1950s. It describes the phonology of Quenya as primarily the
speech of the Noldor in
Valinor; but it is similarly arranged, giving variations within the
historical dialects of Quenya and divergent developments in the related
Vanyarin and Telerin.
cover illustration by Adam Victor
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A retrospective collection of
cover art, title pages and other
illustrations by artists
Patrick Wynne and Adam Christensen
page design, colorization and animations © 2001 - 2002 Adam Victor